Methodology of Scientific Research

The methodology of scientific research. Methodology as a logical discipline. Survey methodologies.
Applied research methods. Observation methods. Content analysis methods. Measurement methods.
Experimental methods. Sociometric methods. Scientific theories. Inductive and deductive reasoning.
Principles of producing deductive theories. Terms of deductive theory. Content, formalised and
formal theories. Axioms of deductive theory. A priori and empirical deductive theories. Inductive methods
in science. Testing scientific theories. Cognitive methods. Analogy. Scientific research. Abstraction,
deduction and concretisation. Development of a scientific research project. Use of scientific sources.
Characteristics of scientific language. Mathematical language. Mathematical symbolism. Selection of
labels. The methodology of writing and presentation of scientific research.